And when he was come into his own country, he taught them in
their synagogue, insomuch that they were astonished, and said, Whence
hath this man this wisdom, and these mighty works? Is not
this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his
brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas? And his
sisters, are they not all with us? Whence then hath this man all these
things? And they were offended in him. But Jesus said
unto them, A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and
in his own house. And he did not many mighty works there
because of their unbelief.
St. John Chrysostom in his Homily 48 on Matthew said:
"He is moreover continually frequenting the synagogues, lest if He were always abiding in the wilderness, they should the more accuse Him as making a schism, and fighting against their polity…Do you see that Nazareth was where He was discoursing? 'Are not his brethren,' it is said, 'such a one, and such a one?' And what of this? Why, by this especially you ought to have been led on to faith. But envy you see is a poor base thing, and often falls foul of itself…what things were strange and marvelous…these offended them."
"What then Christ says unto them? 'A prophet,' says He, 'is not without honor, save in his own country, and in his own house: and He did not,' it is said, 'many might works, because of their unbelief.' But Luke says, 'And He did not there many miracles.' And yet it was to be expected He should have done them. For if the feeling of wonder towards Him was gaining ground (for indeed even there He was marveled at), wherefore did He not do them? Because He looked not to the display of Himself, but rather to their profit…when this succeeded not, He overlooked what concerned Himself, in order not to aggravate their punishment."
"But mark thou, I pray you, the Master's gentleness, how He reviles them not, but with great mildness says (v57)…"
In Chrysostom's Homily 28 on Hebrews, he went more into detail on the way people received Jesus…
"His whole life was full of insults…He continually heard himself called mad, and a deceiver, and a sorcerer; and at one time, the Jews said, 'Nay,' (it says) 'but He deceives the people.' (Jn 7:12) And again, 'That deceiver said while he was yet alive, after three days I will rise again.' (Matt.27:63) As to sorcery…'He casts out the devils by Beelzebub.' (Matt.12:24) And that 'He is mad and has a devil.' (Jn.10:20)…And these things He heard from them, when doing them good, performing miracles, showing forth the works of God…both the scoffs and the ironical jeerings, which they made against Him (what particularly wounds our souls), hear first those from His kindred. 'Is not this' (it says) 'the carpenter's son, whose father and mother we know? Are not his brethren all with us?' (Matt.13:35, Mk.6:3, Jn.6:42)…scoffing at Him from His country, they said He was 'of Nazareth.' And again, 'search,' it says, 'and see, for out of Galilee has no prophet arisen.' (Jn.7:52)"
"…the ironical jeerings they made…coming…to the very cross they worshiped Him; and they struck Him…brought vinegar to Him…the servant of the High Priest struck Him with the palm of his hand…they put a robe about Him; and they spat in His face; and they were continually applying their tests, tempting Him."
"Would you see also the accusations, some secret, some open, some from disciples?…Was He not continually a fugitive, sometimes in Galilee, sometimes in Judea?"