July 30 Gospel Reading

Matthew 22:23 – 33

[23] The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there
is no resurrection, and asked him,[24] Saying, Master, Moses
said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his
wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.[25] Now there were
with us seven brethren: and the first, when he had married a wife,
deceased, and, having no issue, left his wife unto his brother:[26]
Likewise the second also, and the third, unto the seventh.[27]
And last of all the woman died also.[28] Therefore in the
resurrection whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all had her.[29]
Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the
scriptures, nor the power of God.[30] For in the resurrection
they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of
God in heaven.[31] But as touching the resurrection of the
dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying,[32]
I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?
God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.[33] And
when the multitude heard this, they were astonished at his doctrine.

In Chrysostom's Homily 70 on Matthew he said:

"…they say nothing direct about a resurrection; but they feign a story, and make up a case, which, as I suppose, never so much as had an existence; thinking to drive Him to perplexity…see Him answering these like a teacher. For though out of craft they came unto Him, yet was their question rather one of ignorance. Therefore neither does He say unto them, 'You hypocrites.'…the third would not have taken her, when he saw the two bridegrooms dead; or if the third, yet not the fourth or the fifth; and if even these, much more the sixth or the seventh would not have come unto the woman, but have shrunk from her…such is the nature of the Jews. And wherefore did they not feign two or three, but seven? In order the more abundantly to bring derision, as they thought, upon the resurrection."

"What then says Christ? He replies unto both, as taking His stand not against the words, but the purpose, and on every occasion revealing the secrets of their hearts; and at one time exposing them, at another time leaving the refutation of them that question Him to their conscience. See, at any rate here, how He proves both points, as well that there will be a resurrection, as that it will not be such a resurrection as they suspect..He shows that this question is that of men very ignorant of the Scriptures…in the first place He answers to the question asked. For since this was the cause for their not believing a resurrection, that they think the order of things is like this, He cures the cause, then the symptom also (for thence arose the disease too), and shows the manner of the resurrection. 'For in the resurrection,' says He, 'they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as angels of God in Heaven.' But Luke says, 'As Sons of God.' (Lk.20:36) If then they marry not, the question is vain. But not because they do not marry, therefore are they angels, but because they are as angels, therefore they do not marry. By this He removed many other difficulties also, all which things Paul intimated by one word, saying, 'For the fashion of this world passes away.'" (I Cor.7:31)

"And by these words He declared how great a thing the resurrection is; and that moreover there is a resurrection, He proves…Since then the resurrection is like this, come let us do all things, that we may obtain the first honors there. But, if you will, let us show you some even before the resurrection here pursuing and reaping these blessings, again having made our resort to the deserts."


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